Screening of some macromycetes cultures for their resistance to Penicillium sp. (Aspergillaceae)
Keywords:confrontation, fungal cultures, macromycetes, micromycete, strains
The market of mushroom products is constantly developing and improving. An important criterion when choosing certain strains of mushrooms for their industrial cultivation is their bactericidal and fungicidal properties. These characteristics are especially important for consumers of products, because antibiotics and fungicides are used to fight infections in culture, their derivates can enter the consumer's body together with the growed mushrooms. Besides, good bactericidal and fungicidal properties reduce the final market price of finished products. The aim of the work was to analyze some strains of fungi for their ability to counteract Penicillium sp. in conditions of the confrontation. The various variants of confrontational interactions in culture were investigated between Penicillium sp. and strains of Hericium coralloides 2332, H. coralloides 2333, Sparassis nemecii 2327, S. laminosa 2211, Polyporus umbellatus 2510, P. umbellatus 2511, Fomitopsis officinalis 5004, F. officinalis 2498, F. officinalis 2497, Flammulina velutipes CU. Strains of macromycete which mycelium growth over micromycete mycelium in culture we considered the most promising of further research into their fungicidal properties and use for cultivation on a commercial scale. It was established the ability to counteract Penicillium sp. is expressed differently in the studied species, which indicates the importance of screening cultures for their resistance to micromycetes. Equivalent antagonistic properties have been established between Penicillium sp. and P. umbellatus, Penicillium sp. and S. nemecii. The antagonistic properties of the micromycete prevail in binary compositions of Penicillium sp.− H. coralloides, Penicillium sp. – F. velutipes. Species that seem promising in terms for cultivation or/and for further research into their fungicidal properties and use are S. laminosa and F. officinalis, the antagonistic properties of which prevail when co-cultivated with a micromycete.
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