The tension of the epidemic situation regarding campylobacteriosis in Ukraine from 2011 to 2021

Authors

  • Olha Panivska Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29038/2617-4723-2022-1-1-13

Keywords:

campylobacteriosis, gastrointestinal infections, toxic infection, epidemic situation, laboratory diagnostics

Abstract

The article presents the results of studying the epidemic situation of campylobacteriosis in Ukraine from 2011 to 2021. The data on the incidence of this infection in people of different ages in the administrative regions of Ukraine has many indications. Namely: the disease has an uneven Spatio-temporal manifestation and is registered sporadically mainly with food and waterways of the pathogen's transmission mechanism.

The material for the study was the statistical data of the official reports of the state institutions of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Service (SES) and the State Food and Consumer Service. Since 2005, the incidence of campylobacteriosis has been 0.27–0.5 prosantimile. The situation is epidemiological campylobacteriosis in Ukraine has nothing to do with the actual situation of this infection and objectively shows a low level of laboratory diagnosis.

 In the nosological structure of infectious diseases in the population in Ukraine during 2011-2017, the proportion of campylobacteriosis did not exceed 0.2%. Contrasting morbidity levels characterized epidemiological situations into individual nosological forms and their uneven territorial distribution. The tensest epidemic situation was in the Odessa region. The median incidence of acute intestinal infections caused by other established pathogens exceeded the average Ukrainian.

According to the official reports of the State Food and Consumer Service of Ukraine, monitoring of infectious diseases based on the results of microbiological studies for the period from 2011 to 2020 shows that campylobacteriosis in farm animals and poultry was not registered. The epizootological situation of campylobacteriosis in animals is stably prosperous for an extended period.

The archive of reporting data of the Volyn Health Center on the epidemiological condition of campylobacteriosis in the Volyn region showed that from 2011 to 2021, the disease was not diagnosed. The reason for this situation is the insufficient level of bacteriological diagnosis.

Our further research will focus on developing laboratory diagnostics of campylobacteriosis and the diagnosis of systemic epidemiological surveillance of the disease. It should include microbiological monitoring of this infection.

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

Panivska О. (2022). The tension of the epidemic situation regarding campylobacteriosis in Ukraine from 2011 to 2021. Notes in Current Biology, (1 (1), 79–84. https://doi.org/10.29038/2617-4723-2022-1-1-13