Influence of Growth Inhibitors on a Leaf Aparatus of Poppy Oil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29038/2617-4723-2018-381-11-16

Keywords:

oil poppy (Papaver somniferum), regulator of growth, chlormequat-hlorіdе, folikyr, mesostructure of leaves, morphogenesis

Abstract

During the field experiment we studied the effect of chlormequat-chloride and folikyr on the morphological peculiarities of the leaf surface formation and the anatomical indices of the leaves of the oilseed poppy plants. It is proved that the treatment of oilseed poppy plants with growth inhibitors leads to strengthening in the branching of the stem, the increase in the number, leaves’ mass and area and the duration of their lifespan. Such changes can contribute to the prolongation of synthesis and accumulation of assimilates, and they can also have a positive impact on crop yield. During the entire period of vegetation, regardless of weather conditions, the number of leaves in the plants treated with retardants was greater than in the control ones and, accordingly, at the end of the vegetation the number was the following: with chlormequat-chloride – *19,18±0,59, with the folikyr – *18,62±0,45, against the control items where the number of leaves was 16,53±0,39. Thus, it is more effective to use chlormequat-chloride solution rather than the folikyr. A similar trend is observed in the influence of growth regulators on the leaf area, it increased in all variants of the case study.
The use of retardants of the quaternary ammonium salt of chlormequat-chloride and the triazole derivative of the folikyr resulted in thickening of the main assimilation tissue of chlorenchyme leaf due to the growth of its cells, and it also contributed to the increase in the number of stomata and their total area per leaf surface unit.
The formation of a more powerful leaf apparatus ensured an increase in the productivity of oilseed poppy plants. It is proved that the use of anti-giberlin regulators of growth leads to positive changes in the structure of the crop, namely an increase in the number of poppy heads per plant, the number of seeds in a head, the mass of the seed itself. This contributed to the growth of crop capacity of oilseed poppy plants, and in the samples with the use of chlormequat-chloride, the crop capacity was – *895,43±10,35 kg/ha, the folikyr – *869,52± 11,52 kg/ha, against the control samples, where it was – 812,66±9,64 kg/ha.

References

1. Gulyaev, B. I. Fotosintez i bioproduktivnost' rastenij: problemy, dostizheniya, perspektivy issledovanij [Photosynthesis and bioproductivity of plants: problems, achievements, research prospects]. Fiziologiya i biohimiya kul'turnyh rastenij; 1996, 28 (1−2), s 15−35. (in Russian)
2. Mokronosov, A. T;. Gavrilenko, V. F. Fotosintez. Fiziologo-biohimicheskie i ehkologicheskie aspekty [Photosynthesis. Physiological, biochemical and environmental aspects]; Izd-vo Mosk. un.-ta: Moskva, 1992; s. 320. (in Russian)
3. Kur'yata, V. G. Dejstvie retardantov na mezostrukturu list'ev maliny [Effect of retardants on raspberry leaf mesostructure]. Fiziologiya i biohimiya kul'turnyh rastenij; 1998, 30 (2), s. 144−149. (in Russian)
4. Salazar-Garcia, S.; Varquez-Valdivia, V. Physiological persisitence of paclobutrazol on the Tommy Atking mango (Mangifera indica L.) under rain-fed conditions. Journal of Horticultural Science; 1997, 72 (2), рр 339−345. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.1997.11515520
5. SHevchuk, O. A.; Kur’yata, V. G.; Kіrіzіj, D. A.; Gulyaev, B. І. Strukturno-funktsionalna orhanizatsiia lystka tsukrovoho buriaka za dii retardantiv [Structural-functional organization of a sheet of sugar beet for the action of retardants]. Fiziologiya i biohimiya kul'turnyh rastenij; 2002, 34 (1), s 11−16. (in Ukrainian)
6. Rohach, T. I.; Kuriata, V. H. Morfofiziolohichni zminy v roslyn. Helianthus annuus pid vplyvom khlormekvatkhlorydu [Morphophysiological changes in plants of Helianthus annuus under the influence of chlormequat chloride]. Visnyk Zaporizkoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Zb. nauk. prats. Biolohichni nauky; 2009, 2, s 151−155. (in Ukrainian)
7. Polyvanyi, S. V.; Kuriata V. H. Vplyv folikuru na morfohenez ta produktyvnist roslyn maku oliinoho [Influence of the folikyr on morphogenesis and productivity of oilseed poppy plants]. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho universytetu. Seriia «Biolohiia»; 2014, 36, s 64−67. (in Ukrainian)
8. Polyvanyi, S. V. Diia antyhiberelinovoho preparatu khlormekvatkhlorydu na strukturu urozhaiu i yakisni kharakterystyky olii maku oliinoho [Effect of anti-giberelin preparation chlormequat chloride on the structure of the crop and qualitative characteristics of oil of poppy oil]. Silskohospodarski nauky. Zb. nauk. prats Vinnytskoho nats. ahrar. un-tu; 2012, 1 (57), s 90−93. (in Ukrainian)
9. Kazakov, Ye. O. Metodolohichni osnovy postanovky eksperymentu z fiziolohii roslyn [Methodological bases of the experiment on plant physiology]; Fitosotsiotsentr: Kyiv, 2000; s 272. (in Ukrainian)
10. Dospekhov, B. A. Metodika polevogo opyta (s osnovami statisticheskoj obrabotki rezul'-tatov issledovanij) [Field experiment technique (with basics of statistical processing of research results)]; Al'yans: Moskva, 2011; s 352. (in Russian)
11. Kuriata, V. H.; Polyvanyi, S. V. Potuzhnist fotosyntetychnoho aparatu ta nasinnieva produktyvnist maku oliinoho za dii retardantu folikuru [The power of the photosynthetic apparatus and the seed yield of the poppy oil on the action of the retardant folikyr]. Fyzyolohyia rastenyi y henetyka; 2015, 47 (4), s 313–320. (in Ukrainian)
12. Rohach, V. V. Vplyv khlormekvatkhlorydu na morfohenez ta produktyvnist ozymoho ripaku [Influence of chlormequat chloride on morphogenesis and productivity of winter rape]. Naukovi zapysky Ternopilskoho derzhavnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu im. V. Hnatiuka. Seriia: Biolohiia; 2011, 4 (49) s 70−76. (in Ukrainian)
13. Kirizij, D. A. Fotosintez i rost rastenij v aspekte donorno-akceptornyh otnoshenij [Photosynthesis and plant growth in the aspect of donor-acceptor relations]; Logos: Kiev, 2004; s 191. (in Russian)
14. Tkachuk, O. O. Vplyv paklobutrazolu na anatomo-morfolohichni pokaznyky roslyn kartopli [Influence of poclobutrazole on anatomic and morphological indices of potato plants]. Naukovyi visnyk Skhidnoievropeiskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Lesi Ukrainky; 2015, 2, s 47−50. (in Ukrainian)
15. Shadchyna, T. M.; Huliaiev, B. I.; Kirizii, D. A. Rehuliatsiia fotosyntezu i produktyvnist roslyn: fiziolohichni ta ekolohichni aspekty [Regulation of photosynthesis and plant productivity: physiological and environmental aspects]; Fitosotsiotsentr: Kyiv, 2006; s 384. (in Ukrainian)

Published

2018-12-26

How to Cite

Polyvanyi, S. (2018). Influence of Growth Inhibitors on a Leaf Aparatus of Poppy Oil. Notes in Current Biology, (8(381), 11–16. https://doi.org/10.29038/2617-4723-2018-381-11-16