Morphology, Phenology and Аruiting of Clivia miniata (Lindl.) Verschaff. (Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.) in Сulture
Keywords:Clivia miniata, phenology, morphology, pollination, flower, fruits, seed
Clivia miniata (Lindl.) Verschaff. (Amaryllidaceae) is a representative of the flora of South Africa, tropical and subtropical plant of the agricultural stations by Lesia Ukrainka East European National University. The first collections of this case appeared at agricultural stations in 2009. Representatives of this species are found in the mountainous regions of North Africa, which exist in the Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provincial regions. Plants are truly rhizomatous herbs with a firm, evergreen leaves. Phenological observations have shown that in Clivia miniata plant the general period starts at 2-3 years. The morphological features of the flowers, fruits and seeds of Clivia miniata in this area have been studied. A large number of ovules per carpel are shown. Phenological observations of flower blossom and fruit production were carried out. The morphology of flowers, gynoecium, and androecium has been studied. In the anthers, there are a lot of pollen grains and it retains 100% viability, after the flower fall, its stigma falls too. The fruit is a berry-shaped capsule, which is torn from the middle because the seeds germinate in it, the seeds are solitary, turgid, ivory-colored. The fruits are available in 60-70 days and have made seeds that offer to germinate in our cage, staying in our cells, reaching germination. Morphological features of the flower and a lot of pollen grains are adaptations to insect recorders.
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