Soil Inoculation With Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungus Glomus Mosseae and Its Effect on Radiocesium Transfer From Soil to Quinoa (Chenopodium Quinoa Willd.) Plants.


  • Mykhailo Vinichuk Zhytomyr State Technological University



arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, soil, inoculation, quinoa, radiocesium


The effect of soil inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus mosseae on quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) biomass, 137Cs activity concentration in plants and 137Cs uptake was investigated on organic, sandy, loamy and clay soils in a greenhouse experiment. Seeds and aboveground plant biomass of plants growing on inoculated (AM +) loamy soil was correspondingly 6 and 3 times higher than in control plants (no soil treatment). 137Cs activity concentration in seeds and aboveground plants parts (leaves and steams) growing on inoculated (AM +) sandy soil was about 3,5 and 5 times higher than activity of radionuclide in control plants. Transfer factors (TF) of 137Cs forseeds and aboveground plants parts growing on inoculated (AM +) sandy soil wasabout 3 and 4 times higher than 137Cs TF for control plants. Although direct evidence of mycorrhizal infection of lateral roots of experimental quinoa plants is not confirmed, it is suggested that the presence of fungi in pre-sterilized and inoculated soil contributed to the release of nutrients as well as radiocesium from soil and enhanced its uptake by plants.


1. Вінічук М. М. Радіоеклогічні функції арбускулярних мікоризних грибів / М. М. Вінічук // Вісник Запорізького національного університету. – Серія : Біол. науки. – 2014. – Т. 1. – С. 164–172.
2. Высочина Г. И. Флавоноиды и биологическая активность видов рода Chenopodium L. / Г. И. Высочина // Фитохимия. Сибирский ботанический вестник : электрон. журн. – 2008. – Т. 1. – Вып. 1–2. – С. 35–44.
3. Список видів роду Лобода [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу : URL : Список_видів_роду_Лобода.
4. Abugoch James LEQuinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): composition, chemistry, nutritional, and functional properties // Advances in Food and Nutrition Research. – 2009. – Vol. 58(1–31). – doi: 10.1016/S1043-4526(09)58001-1.
5. Alves L. Utilization of rocks and ectomycorrhizalfungi to promote growth of eucalypt / L. Alves, V. L. Oliveira, G. N. Silva Filho // Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. – 2010. – Vol. 41(3). – P. 676–684.
6. Broadley M. R. Differences in root uptake of radiocaesium by 30 plant taxa / M. R. Broadley and N. J. Willey // Environmental Pollution. – 1997. – Vol. 97(1–2). – P. 11–15.
7. Mabberley D. J. The Plant–Book. A portable dictionaryof the higher plants / D. J. Mabberley. – Cambridge, 1993. – 707 p.
8. Nsimba R. Y. Antioxidantactivity of various extracts and fractions of Chenopodiumquinoa and Amaranthus spp. seeds / R. Y. Nsimba, H. Kikuzaki, Y. Konishi // Food Chemistry. – 2008. – Vol. 106, № 2. – Р. 760–766.
9. Vinichuk M. M. 137Cs in fungal sporocarps in relation to vegetation in a bog, pine swamp and forest along a transect / M. M. Vinichuk, K. Rosén, A. Dahlberg // Chemosphere. – 2013. – Vol. 90. – P. 713–720.
10.Vinichuk M. M. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi on 137Cs uptake by plants grown on different soils / M. M. Vinichuk, A. Mårtensson, T. Ericsson, K. Rosén // Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. – 2013a. – Vol. 115. – P. 151–156.
11.Vinichuk M. Inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizae does not improve137Cs uptake in crops grown in the Chernobyl region / M. Vinichuk, A. Mårtensson, K. Rosén // Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. – 2013b. – Vol. 126. – P. 14–19.
12.Wang B. Phylogenetic distribution and evolution of mycorrhizasinland plants / B. Wang, Y.-L. Qiu // Mycorrhyza. – 2006. – Vol. 16. – P. 299–363.



How to Cite

Vinichuk, M. (2015). Soil Inoculation With Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungus Glomus Mosseae and Its Effect on Radiocesium Transfer From Soil to Quinoa (Chenopodium Quinoa Willd.) Plants. Notes in Current Biology, 313(12), 4–10.