Transformation of Plant Substrates by Mycelium of Medicinal Mushroom Ganoderma Lucidum
Keywords:Ganoderma lucidum, mycelium growth, transformed plant substrates, biologically active substances
The article presents the results of investigation of transformation plant substrates – the waste of medicinal raw materials due to the mycelium growth of basidial medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum 1900 from the IBK Mushroom Culture Collection of M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. It was demonstrated the dynamics of mycelium growth of G.lucidum on plant substrates. It were determined the content changes of biologically active substances (complex of vitamins, chlorophylls, polysaccharides, tannins, P-active compounds) in transformed plant substrates due to the influence of G. lucidum mycelium growth-meal of sea buckthorn fruits, meal of grapes fruits, meal of actinidia fruits, leaves of mulberry. It was demonstrated that the content of anthocyans and sum of chlorophylls a+b increases in 2 times and on 70 % in transformed meal of sea buckthorn fruits accordingly, the content of ascorbic acid increases on 33 % in transformed meal of grapes fruits, the content of carotenoids increase on 28 % and polysaccharides on 36 % in transformed leaves of mulberry accordingly as compared with initial substrates.